By / May 30, 2022

The Merry Mess of Cannabis Legalization in New York

On March 30, 2021, New York became the fifteenth state in the United States to allow the purchase, possession, and cultivation of cannabis for all citizens over the age of 21. Yet nearly a year later, authorities have not issued a single license officially authorizing the recreational trade in the plant.

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New York Entrepreneurs Take Matters Into Their Own Hands

Of course, this hasn’t stopped some entrepreneurs in New York from starting their own businesses, creating a huge “grey market”. Dozens of dispensaries sell their product in complete legal limbo as authorities threaten penalties but police fail to intervene.

For many of them, the game is worth the risk. The New York market could be worth up to $4.2 billion dollars within five years, according to estimates by Forbes.

Industry Giants Stuck on the Sidelines

And, for now, the semi-legality of the local industry keeps industry giants like Curaleaf and Green Thumb (respectively 889 and 650 million euros in revenue in the first three quarters of 2021) on the sidelines in New York.

“We have seen, state after state, where the big fish come in and take over the whole market and where the little ones get screwed every time,” argues Lenore Elfland, who runs Empire Cannabis Club, a dispensary located in Manhattan. Better to occupy the ground now, even if it means taking serious risks.

New York Cannabis Sold With Creative Techniques

In theory, selling cannabis in New York without a license is not legal. “Offenders must stop their activities immediately or face the consequences,” insists Tremaine Wright, director of the Cannabis Control Board.

In order to avoid closure, some dispensaries are being creative. At Empire, customers must purchase a 24-hour membership card, which gives them access to a cannabis catalog. At Uncle Budd, it is possible to make a donation and receive, in exchange, cannabis as a gift — a loophole in cannabis laws that has seen use in other states besides New York.

The New York Cannabis Control Board does not see it that way, however. In February, it distributed formal notices warning that violators risked, at best, being banned from licensing when they are distributed, and, at worst, exposing themselves to criminal prosecution. But the semi-legal dealers do not intend to let it go, and they intend to take their slice of the giant New York pie.

(Featured image by Elizabeth Iris via Pexels)

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